- The cost of one bottle of water from a vending machine is equivalent to the cost of drinking 8 glasses of tap water every day for a year.
- A gallon of water weighs 8.34 pounds.
- The Water Authority maintains almost 1500 miles of drinking water pipes. If you put them end-to-end, they would stretch from Roanoke to Colorado Springs, CO.
- At one drip per second, a faucet can leak 3,000 gallons of water per year.
- Water is the only substance naturally found on earth as a solid, liquid and gas.
- Over 713 gallons of water go into the production of one cotton T-shirt.
- The Authority’s Water Pollution Control Plant is regarded as one of the best bird-watching areas in the mid-Atlantic region.
- The Water Authority maintains over 6,000 fire hydrants in our service area. Fire hydrants are connected to the public drinking water distribution lines, so water from a fire hydrant is drinking water.
- There are over 23,000 manholes in our service area.
- Carvins Cove Natural Reserve is the second largest municipal park in the United States.
- The Authority’s Water Pollution Control Plant covers over 100 acres of land.
- More people in the world have a mobile phone than have a toilet.
- The Water Authority treats 19-million gallons of drinking water a day although we have the capacity to treat 56-million gallons per day.
- The Authority’s Water Pollution Control Plant treats almost 37-million gallons of wastewater a day from all across the Roanoke Valley.
- There are 51 drinking water storage tanks in our service area. They each hold between 500,000 – 2-million gallons of water.
- Most of the treated drinking water used in a home is for toilet flushing.
Carvins Cove Boat Landing Information
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Tucked away in the mountains of Botetourt and Roanoke Counties and close to Hollins University, Carvins Cove Natural Reserve covers 12,700 acres and includes a man-made reservoir and abundant protected forestland. Rainfall drains from the 11,200 acre watershed into Carvins Cove Reservoir.
Water from the reservoir is treated at the Carvins Cove Water Treatment Facility which filters around 10 million gallons of water per day for customers of the Western Virginia Water Authority.
While the reservoir and land immediately surrounding the reservoir are owned by the Western Virginia Water Authority, the City of Roanoke owns the land above the 1200 foot contour line. It is noted as the second largest city-owned park in the United States. In 2009 a donation of a two-part conservation easement to permanently protect 11,363 acres of Carvins Cove Natural Reserve was finalized.
Carvins Cove Natural Reserve includes several different forested natural communities, perennial and intermittent streams, and the reservoir--all of which provide diverse wildlife habitats. In addition to providing a haven for wildlife, Carvins Cove offers access to recreational amenities, supported by a small fee, including over 55 miles of trails, a boat launch, picnic area, fishing platforms and restrooms. Swimming and camping are not permitted at Carvins Cove. Dogs are welcome at Carvins Cove; however, they must remain leashed at all times and are not allowed in the water. Alcohol is prohibited at Carvins Cove.
Due to the COVID19 emergency, there are changes to the operating hours and recreational amenities available at Carvins Cove Natural Reserve.
Please click our News Link on the home page for the most current information as information is subject to change.
Hours of Operation:
Boat Landing at the Reservoir and Hollins Lot:
• April 1 through September 30: Seven days a week, 6:30 am - 9:30 pm
• October 1 through March 31: Seven days a week, 8:30 am - 6:30 pm
Bennett Springs and Timberview Parking Lots:
• 6:00 am - 11:00 pm, year-round
For more information:
To find more detailed information on park hours, visitors' passes, rental and user fees, directions, and amenities, visit the following pages: